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Unusual feature of a student's skull

In the recent past, a few decades ago, every medical student had ‘their own’ skull. Not everyone had access to artificial models or even well-illustrated anatomy books, let alone the Internet or digital technologies so common today. Therefore, a real skull acquired for private use was an integral part of every medical student’s learning process.

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The skeleton Lukstiņš

The first exhibit that you see entering the Anatomy museum is a skeleton of 27-year old male.The skeleton is the first voluntary donation of a human body to the Anatomy Museum and one of the rare specimens that has information about its donor. The skeleton is in the Museum from 1925 and serves as a reminder that every exhibit of the Anatomy Museum is not only scientific heritage, but once was part of a living human body.


 

Art in Anatomy

Museum galleries reveal the interplay between anatomists, artists and museum specialists. Between the specimen jars and human bones, the anatomical drawings of both medical and art students are displayed. Historical artefacts interact with modern anatomical 3D illustration and multimedial solutions created by contemporary artists. How this cooperation between anatomists and artists started?


 

How many bones are there in the human skull?

Anatomy books state that the skull consists of 22 separate bones that grow together only after birth and ossify completely during life. However, sometimes small, irregular, intrasutural bones occur near the sutures. They are not part of normal cranial anatomy, but are individual variations, still quite common.


 

Ice anatomy

'Ice anatomy’ is a figurative description of the technique once used for preparing specimens by freezing the body or its parts to subsequently make cuts that enabled better understanding of the organ layout in relation to one another. The most famous ice anatomist was 19th century Russian surgeon Nikolay Pirogov. A legend tells us that he was inspired to develop this method when watching the cuttings of frozen pork at a marketplace in a cold winter day.